Many people with enlarged adenoids have few or no symptoms. You may not need treatment. Adenoids shrink as a child grows older.
If you have an infection, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics.
Surgery to remove the adenoids (adenoidectomy) may be done if the symptoms are severe or persistent.
Calling your health care provider
Call your health care provider if your child has difficulty breathing through the nose or other symptoms of enlarged adenoids.
Early treatment of throat infections may prevent prevent the adenoids from becoming swollen. Removing the adenoids prevents long-term airway blockage.
Wetmore RF. Tonsils and adenoids.
In: Kliegman RM,Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 375.
Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, David R. Eltz, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.